European Commission

As a seconded national expert in DG MARKT’s Banking & Financial Conglomerates Unit, one of my tasks was the drafting of all documents related to the supervision of complex banking and insurance-groups i.e. financial conglomerates, necessary for the revision of the Financial Conglomerates Directive, the Capital Requirements Directive and Solvency II, proposed by the European Commission, brought home and published in the Official Journal as 2011/89/EU, including (list of examples):

The consultation paper regarding potential revisions to banking and insurance rules regarding the control of group risks:

The impact assessment accompanying the Commission’s proposal:

The Staff working document on remaining gaps in complex group supervision:


Academic books or contributions to books, a.o.:

The case for cooperating supervisors in Europe (2008), in Een klassiek econoom met een brede blik, Liber Amicorum aan Hans Visser, Sdu uitgevers, Den Haag

Banken en industriefinanciering in de 19e eeuw (2000), Tinbergen Institute Research Series no. 236, Amsterdam

with H. Visser, Inleiding tot het geld- en bankwezen (1997), Academic Services



Popular journals and working papers a.o.

It's easy to miss something you're not looking for. Why some banks will get in trouble again. November 2015

with R. Gunther, "Kleine fouten maken we niet"(2004), in Bank & Effectenbedrijf, November 2004

with L. J. R. Scholtens, Zijn we beter af met industriebanken? (1996), in ESB 28-8-1996

with J. Koelewijn, Le systeme bancaire neerlandais; etude retrospective. Les banques de l'Europe de 1920 a nos jours (1994)

with A.W.A. Boot, De toekomst van bancaire financiering (1994), in ESB, 27-7-1994

with M.W.E. van der Weijden, Duitse industriebanken: macht of mythe? in De Naamlooze vennootschap Februari 1994

Het gevaar banques d'affaires, in Economisch Bulletin 1993

Banques d'affaires in de 19e eeuw, in Economisch Bulletin 1992

Latest popular piece